|Diet and Exercise
|Ignorance of Fat Facts
According to a new poll of more than 2,000 adults for the American Cancer
Society, just 8 percent were aware of the link between being overweight
and cancer risk, but 65 percent knew how the popular TV "American Idol"
show works. More U.S. citizens know the correct number of judges on
"American Idol" than know that being overweight results in cancer. According
to the ACS, nearly two-thirds of Americans are overweight, and 30 percent
are obese and they are not aware of their obesity.
Older American teenagers living in poverty have grown fatter at a higher
rate than their peers, according to research that seems to underscore the
unequal burden of obesity on the nation's poor. The percentage of
adolescents age 15-17 who are overweight is about 50 percent higher in poor
as compared to non-poor families. Obesity rates among all teens climbed
substantially during the study, which covered 30 years. But the great divide
according to income occurred most notably among the 15- to 17-year-old age
group, according to a study in Journal of the American Medical Association.
The researchers determined poverty levels using family income and the U.S.
Census Bureau's poverty threshold. The results contrast with recent research
suggesting that while the poor are most likely to be overweight, obesity
rates among U.S. adults have climbed fastest in recent decades among those
with annual salaries over $60,000.
Parents are the Key
to Childhood Obesity
About 17 percent of U.S. children and teens, aged 2 to 19, are overweight,
according to the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. By the time
they were three years old, more than 43 percent of the children were statistically
overweight. But three studies presented at Pediatric Academic Societies'
annual meeting in San Francisco offer ways to help kids get to healthier
weights. Mothers in families where food is sometimes scarce due to money
problems have a tendency to give their children high-calorie foods to boost
overall calories or foods to stimulate the appetite -- two practices they
should avoid if they want their child to remain at a healthy weight. Helping
your child have good self-esteem can also motivate him or her to lose weight.
Values of Weight-Height Ration (WHTR) during the past 10–20 years have increased
greatly showing that central fatness in children has risen dramatically.
WHTR is more closely linked to childhood morbidity and should be used as
an additional or alternative measure to body mass index (BMI) in children
as well as adults. A simple public health message that is the same for adults
and children of both sexes and all ages could be stated as 'keep your waist
circumference to less than half your height'. International Journal of Obesity
(2006) 30, 988–992.
The Tissue Monitoring System (TMS) is an algorithm that estimates changes
in body tissue from a series of daily weight measures. It is intended to
provide people with a feedback of changes in their tissue weight so they
may have a basis for estimating how much they would have to change their
intake or expenditure to maintain their weight at a prescribed level.
The TMS appears to be an effective technique to help female college freshmen
resist gaining weight in an environment that is conducive to weight gain.
These results suggest that the TMS may be a useful method to help curb the
slow increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity that is characteristic
of all gluttonous industrialized societies. International Journal of Obesity
(2006) 30, 1003–1010.
Rates of diagnosed diabetes are increasing, but a third of people who have
the disease don't know it. More than 73 million adults, have diabetes
or higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, according to a new study by the
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The study
is published in the June issue of the journal Diabetes Care. Type 1 diabetes
is caused by the loss of insulin-producing cells, and is usually diagnosed
in children or young adults. Type 2, which accounts for 95% of diabetes,
is caused by the inability to produce enough insulin or to use it efficiently.
It is associated with obesity and usually begins in middle age, but it is
increasingly being found in teens.
Exercise against Cancer
A protein, called insulin-like binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), inhibits another
protein called insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), thereby blocking IGF-1's
proliferative effect on cell growth. Physical activity can increase IGFBP-3
levels, which, in turn, reduces the amount of free IGF-1. IGF-1 has been
shown to stimulate cell growth, inhibit cell death, and promote angiogenesis
- the formation of new blood vessels, which tumors need to grow. The anti-cancer
effects of exercise are due to increases in IGFBP-3, according to Australian
There is no credible evidence to support qualified health claims for green
tea or green tea extract and a reduction of a number of risk factors associated
with CVD, federal regulators said in rejecting a petition that sought to
allow tea labels to make that claim. The Food and Drug Administration said
it reviewed 105 articles and other publications submitted as part of the
petition but could find no evidence to support claims of the beverage's health
benefits. Green tea is brewed from the leaves of Camellia sinensis, also
known as Thea sinensis. Unlike black and oolong tea, green tea is made from
Two studies presented at the American Urological Association meeting in
Atlanta in May found that people who drank lemonade or lemon juice mixed with
water daily had higher levels of a chemical called urinary citrate. Urinary
citrate can prevent the formation of the calcium oxalate crystals that form
the most common type of kidney stone. Kidney stones form when urine in the
kidney becomes supersaturated with stone-forming salts and when the urine
doesn't contain enough stone-preventing substances. One of these substances
is citrate. Tamarind, which is used in South India and South East Asia in
cooking regularly, is also considered to inhibit kidney stone formation.
Blueberries, nature's only ‘blue' food, are a rich source of polyphenols,
potent antioxidants that include phenolics acids, tannins, flavonols and anthocyanins.
Researchers have also revealed that a compound found in blueberries called
pterostilbene, similar to resveratrol, could be as effective as a widely
used synthetic drug in reducing cholestero. The new study, published
recently in the journal Food Research International (Vol. 39, pp. 628-638),
analysed the polyphenol content of three different blueberry cultivars from
the state of Georgia; Briteblue, Tifblue, and Powderblue, and found that the
total anthocyanidin content ranged from 89 to 98 per cent of the anthocyanin
Sometimes known as Keralite Foot Massage, this is a massage that is not
done to the feet, but instead by the feet. Chavutti Thirumal involves massaging
the body with the feet of the masseur, whilst the masseur uses a rope descending
from the ceiling for balance. The massage is performed mainly with the instep
of the foot, but the heel and toes are also used, and the hands can also
be used as an alternative.
With its roots in India and influences from China the massage incorporates
yoga style positions (asana), acupressure and reflexology points, along
with techniques of gentle rocking, deep stretching and compression. Thai
Massage has a long history of therapeutic healing, however it is only quite
recently that the benefits of Thai massage are being recognised by the West.
Traditional Thai Massage is a unique form of body therapy dating back
thousands of years. Unlike the classical Swedish Massage of the West,
which is generally performed on a plinth and oil is applied to the skin with
stroking and kneading techniques, Nuad Bo-Rarn, as it is called in Thailand,
is performed on a mat on the floor rather than a raised table, and the techniques
are applied through the clothes without the use of oils. A Thai massage has
great benefits for anyone who wants their body to achieve maximum performance.
For pregnant women, even a few alcoholic beverages per week during the first
or second trimester can have harmful consequences on the cognitive development
of the unborn child. A long-term study has found that 10-year-old African-American
children who were exposed to between two to six drinks per week during pregnancy,
particularly in the second trimester, had a lower IQ compared with children
who were not exposed to alcohol while in the womb. Alcoholism:
Clinical and Experimental Research, June 2006
Sun Block from Berries and Red Grapes
Previous research has shown that an anthocyanin found in colorful foods such
as berries and red grapes can protect skin cells from UV-A radiation, which
can cause skin cancer. Now, researchers at the University of Messina, Italy,
report that the compound can also protect skin cells from UV-B radiation,
which can cause sunburn as well as cancer (J. Agric. Food Chem., published
online May 9, dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf060253x). The compound, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside
(shown top), appears to block an oxidative stress response that occurs in
skin cells exposed to sun. While researchers at Hebrew University of Jerusalem
have found that porphyra 334, isolated from aquatic bacteria, can provide
broad-spectrum UV-A protection (Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. 2006, 5, 432).
Human Sexuality - Blame it
Little has been known regarding the biological basis for individual differences
in normal, human sexual behavior. Most significant variations in the expression
of human sexuality are considered historically to be the result of learned
behavior or psychological problems. However, recent advances in molecular
genetic studies of human behavior and personality, imaging studies of sexual
arousal and performance, and neuroendocrinological investigations suggest
that individual variations in many aspects of human sexuality, similar to
other human behavior, are likely to rest on a firm foundation in the neurosciences.
New evidence that individual differences in human sexual desire can be attributed
to genetic variations has been revealed by a research group headed by a professor
of psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in Molecular Psychiatry
online. It may be possible to treat sexual "problems" using genomics-based
medicine. It may also be possible to predict criminal sexual behavior in
Now Rabbit Can Grow New Penis...
It's now possible to replace a defective, damaged, or diseased penis with
a penis grown in a laboratory in rabbits. But the finding promises
an amazing new treatment for infants, boys, and men who suffer penis disfigurement.
The replacement organ would be grown on a penis-shaped matrix seeded with
cells from the patient's own body. Researcher Anthony Atala, MD, director
of the Institute for Regenerative Medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Medical
Center, reported the findings at an annual meeting of the American Urological
Association in Atlanta in May.
Ingredients: 500 g rice flour, 500 ml water, salt to taste, 1 tsp chilli
power, a pinch of asafetida
1 tsp cumin seeds, 100 ml oil or ghee.
Direction: Boil the water in a pan add the salt, chilli powder, asafetida
and cumin seeds. Add 10 ml of the oil and the rice flour and mix well. Remove
from heat, cool and knead the dough till soft. Divide the dough into soft.
Divide the dough into small balls and roll each out like a pancake.
Cook on a hot griddle on both sides till done. Drizzle with ghee or oil and
Importance of a Will: http://www.mondaq.com/article.asp?articleid=39960&email_access=on
CLEFT LIP AND PALATE
Dr. Kala Sagar
Madugula, BDS, MDS
Campbellsville, KY, USA
Dr. Chandana Gorthi, BDS
Hyderabad, AP, India
Dr. Sreenivasarao Vepachedu,
Oral-facial clefts are birth defects in which the tissues of the mouth or
lip don't form properly. Oral cleft occurs when the tissues of the lip or
palate of a fetus don't grow together early in pregnancy. During the early
weeks of development in the womb, the fetus initially has a cleft lip and
cleft palate. Later, the tissues that form the upper lip and the palate come
together in the middle and fuse to form the normal lip and palate.
A cleft lip is a split in the upper lip. A cleft palate is a split in the
roof of the mouth, leaving a hole between the nose and the mouth. Cleft may
occur in lip and palate together. In addition, clefts can occur on one side
of the mouth or on both sides of the mouth. A cleft of the lower lip is very
rare if at all. About 1 in 600 -1000 babies has a cleft lip or cleft palate.
Sex and race play a small role. More boys than girls have a cleft lip, while
more girls have cleft palate without a cleft lip. Clefts are most common in
Asians, Indians, Latinos and Native Americans. Cleft lip, with or without
cleft palate, affects 1 in 150 to 200 babies in the India each year, which
is probably one of the highest incidences in the world.
Scientists don't know exactly what causes most clefts. The cause of
cleft lip-plate is multi-factorial and cannot be generally ascribed to a single
cause. Environmental chemical substances called teratogens, as well as radiation,
nicotine (tobacco), alcohol, certain drugs, viral infection and physical
stress during pregnancy may influence the development of cleft in the unborn
early during gestation. A hereditary cause is also associated in many cases.
The risk may be higher for children who have a sibling or parent with a cleft
or who have a history of cleft in their families. Both mothers and fathers
can pass on genes that may cause cleft.
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH A CLEFT PATIENT
FUNCTIONAL: This starts with improper suckling of milk as an infant, defective
speech development, food and water getting regurgitated into the nose, and
poor alignment of teeth, which prevents a proper chewing of food for a life
time. An associated ear deformity is not uncommon in these patients.
AESTHETIC: This is single major concern for a developing child than any
other complaint due to a disfigured appearance.
PSYCHOLOGICAL: The stigma attached to this disease will usually leave a
life time injury to a person, preventing him or her from coming into the
public, speaking in a group, and preventing a child from concentrating in
any educational pursuit.
The treatment of cleft condition as is the cause of the disease also involves
multiple areas like surgical management, dental, speech therapy, pediatric,
psychological counseling, and involvement of other specialties if associated
with other abnormalities.
SURGICAL: With the advancement in the scope of surgery, the success for
a cleft patient has improved drastically. The cleft lip deformity is usually
corrected shortly after birth. Cleft lip often requires only one reconstructive
surgery, especially if the cleft is unilateral. The closure of the defect
of the palate is postponed until later usually when the child gets 10-12 months
old and at times may not be accomplished in a single surgery, depending on
the severity of the deformity. Nowadays, an oral surgeon, ENT surgeon, plastic
surgeon are equally involved in treating the cases of cleft lip and /or palate.
DENTAL ASPECT: A dental deformity is very common in a cleft affected child,
and is seen as crowded or mal-aligned teeth, which usually require orthodontic
braces and bands for good aesthetics and also to provide ability to chew food
and pronounce words properly. In some severe cases, a complete closure of
a palatal defect may not be possible and is usually managed by dentist with
the help of a removable plate prosthetic appliance.
PSYCHOLOGICAL: A positive attitude towards the affected child is the key
component in the success of cleft treatment.
Smile Train, a United
States-based non-profit non-governmental organization, was set up in 1998
with an intention to treat the children affected with cleft condition free
of cost. Last July, the Smile Train entered India and set up five centers
- in Mangalore (in collaboration with the A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute for
Dental Clinic), Thrissur (with the Charles Pinto Centre for Cleft Lip and
Palate), Hyderabad (with the SHARE Medical Centre), Chennai (with the Sri
Ramachandra Medical College and Hospitals, or SRMCH) and Mumbai (with the
Impact India Foundation). Only the Chennai center is functional now. Others
will start work soon, but all these centers aim to provide surgical treatment
free of cost. (http://www.smiletrain.org/medpro/partners/india/pc_trust.htm)
Another centre of excellence working for cleft patients is CLEFT-CHILDREN
INTERNATIONAL in Zurich, which has established three centers, one each in
K S Hedge hospital Mangalore, UniQare hospitals Hyderabad and Meenakshi Ammal
General Hospital Chennai. Even these organizations are providing free support
and facilities to all the affected children.
For more on Cleft related topics visit:
March of Dimes: http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/681_1210.asp
Plastic Surgery: http://www.plasticsurgery.org/public_education/procedures/CleftLipPalate.cfm
Smile Train in India: http://www.smiletrain.org/medpro/partners/india.htm
Smile Train in China: http://www.smiletrain.org/medpro/partners/china.htm
Smile Train in Russia: http://www.smiletrain.org/medpro/partners/russia.htm
This material contains only general
descriptions and is not a solicitation to sell any insurance product
or security, nor is it intended as any financial, tax, medical or health
care advice. For information about specific needs or situations, contact
your financial agent or physician.
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primary sources cited above,
New York Times (NYT), Washington Post (WP),
Mercury News, Bayarea.com,
Chicago Tribune, USA Today, Intellihealthnews,
Deccan Chronicle (DC), the Hindu, Hindustan
Times, Times of India, AP, Reuters,